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Bad Breath and Periodontal Disease

October 16 2023 | Author: Supernova Dental in Fairfax, VA.

Gum disease, often resulting from poor oral hygiene, can lead to bad breath and other oral issues. Symptoms of gum disease include bleeding, swollen, or tender gums, loose teeth, receding gums, and bad breath. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease and can be reversible, but periodontitis is more severe and causes irreversible damage to gum tissues.

Bad breath, or halitosis, is primarily caused by bacteria in the mouth breaking down proteins and releasing foul-smelling volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs). Gum disease and bacterial coating of the tongue can contribute to bad breath, with up to 80% of gum disease patients exhibiting halitosis.

Inflamed gum tissues in gum disease patients can produce VSCs, worsening bad breath in cases of extensive plaque buildup. There’s also a potential link between halitosis and an increased risk of developing gum disease, but it’s not fully understood.

Treatment for gum disease (periodontitis) typically involves deep cleaning, antimicrobial medications, and, in severe cases, surgery. Halitosis treatment depends on its underlying cause and may include oral care improvements like tongue scraping or mouthwash.

Maintaining a strong oral hygiene routine, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental checkups, can help prevent both gum disease and bad breath. These practices can boost your confidence in both your breath and your overall oral health.